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Home / Funtions and Operators / Question No: 6

What is MySQL date format and its specifiers?

I need to know the method and its specifiers to get MySQL date in required format(s). Is there any list of MySQL date format specifier, I will be pleased!

Answer No: 6

DATE_FORMAT(date,format)
Formats the date value according to the format string. The following specifiers may be used in the format string:

Specifier Description
%M Month name (January..December)
%W Weekday name (Sunday..Saturday)
%D Day of the month with English suffix (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.)
%Y Year, numeric, 4 digits
%y Year, numeric, 2 digits
%X Year for the week where Sunday is the first day of the week, numeric, 4 digits, used with '%V'
%x Year for the week, where Monday is the first day of the week, numeric, 4 digits, used with '%v'
%a Abbreviated weekday name (Sun..Sat)
%d Day of the month, numeric (00..31)
%e Day of the month, numeric (0..31)
%m Month, numeric (01..12)
%c Month, numeric (1..12)
%b Abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec)
%j Day of year (001..366)
%H Hour (00..23)
%k Hour (0..23)
%h Hour (01..12)
%I Hour (01..12)
%l Hour (1..12)
%i Minutes, numeric (00..59)
%r Time, 12-hour (hh:mm:ss [AP]M)
%T Time, 24-hour (hh:mm:ss)
%S Seconds (00..59)
%s Seconds (00..59)
%p AM or PM
%w Day of the week (0=Sunday..6=Saturday)
%U Week (00..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week
%u Week (00..53), where Monday is the first day of the week
%V Week (01..53), where Sunday is the first day of the week. Used with '%X'
%v Week (01..53), where Monday is the first day of the week. Used with '%x'
%% A literal `%'.

All other characters are just copied to the result without interpretation:

SELECT DATE_FORMAT('1997-10-04 22:23:00', '%W %M %Y'); 
-> 'Saturday October 1997'
SELECT DATE_FORMAT('1997-10-04 22:23:00', '%H:%i:%s'); -> '22:23:00'
SELECT DATE_FORMAT('1997-10-04 22:23:00', '%D %y %a %d %m %b %j');
-> '4th 97 Sat 04 10 Oct 277'
SELECT DATE_FORMAT('1997-10-04 22:23:00', '%H %k %I %r %T %S %w');
-> '22 22 10 10:23:00 PM 22:23:00 00 6'
SELECT DATE_FORMAT('1999-01-01', '%X %V'); -> '1998 52'
As of MySQL Version 3.23, the `%' character is required before format specifier characters. In earlier versions of MySQL, `%' was optional.

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